roadsideamerica.com examines the transparent anatomical manikin phenomenon in this field review. Unfortunately, many of these classic teaching tools are being replaced by flashier interactive, digital multimedia exhibits.
“Anyone who thinks men are transparent should visit the nation’s health education museums. That’s where you can find transparent women, life-size see-through models used to explain anatomy and the mysteries of life to generations of school children.
Transparent women were created as public health education tools 30 or 40 years ago; some toured in mobile exhibits until finally settling down as the centerpieces of health museums. Transparent men, on the other hand, are hard to find (the Mayo Clinic Museum displayed one before it closed down). This is probably because pregnancy makes for a more interesting story, and American educators, as always, are reluctant to expose kids to transparent glowing male genitalia.“
To find the transparent human nearest you, check out this exhaustive list provided by John W. Wong, MD.
UCLA’s Laboratory of Neuro Imaging (LONI) “seeks to improve understanding of the brain in health and disease. The laboratory is dedicated to the development of scientific approaches for the comprehensive mapping of brain structure and function.”
“The LONI Scientific Visualization Group is a team of scientists, graphic artists, designers and programmers who use high-end equipment and software to produce a wide variety of animations and video for the Laboratory ” and their work allows “data to be shared in a more intuitive form for both scientific communication and educational purposes”.
[Thanks Mr. Cieciel]
The most recent collection of virtuoso pixel manipulation at worth1000.com; combining medical imagery and maniacal imagination. Some subtle (Hand of God, 6 Fingers), some a little less so (1+1= ummm…, Alien). It looks like you can have these graphics printed on any number of useful lifestyle accessories (t-shirts, posters, mousepads, prints, coffee mugs, puzzles, clocks, key tags, magnets, murals, postcards, coasters).
Constructions, installations and visuals involving and exploring concepts of cognition, technology, neurology, physiology, anatomy, pharmacology…
I especially like Spike, Honey and Residual Memory.
From the artist’s statement:
“In attempts to understand thinking, I have:
made maps of various nervous systems, practiced art while under hypnosis, designed an artificial intelligence to read my tarot, read for hours to fish, conducted biochemical experiments on myself and others, executed medical illustrations in black velvet, worked on cognitive research projects, documented dissections of humans, dissected machines and failed to put most of them back together, freely made up vocabulary as needed, removed my teeth to model information systems, self-induced phobias concerning consciousness in the plant kingdom, donated my body to science and then requested it be returned, observed nerve development in vivo, choreographed synaptic responses, translated EEGs into music, conducted a cartesian exorcism on myself, and attempted to create cognitive models of my own severely confused state.
The intersection of art and neurology, theories of memory, mental illness and cognition form the groundwork for my thoughts.“
“Images from the preprohibition era when many psychotropic substances were legally available in America and Europe.
Many of the substances prohibited today were legally available in the past. This small exposition contains samples of the many psychoactive medicines widely available during the late-19th century through the mid-20th century. Some of the pictures are oversized to improve legibility. Additional photographs are available for some products in the author’s private collection.“
From the Addiction Research Unit of the Department of Psychology at University at Buffalo.
Nice post (and I’m not just saying that) from snarkout regarding the way Vesalius (see here, here and here) began the slow process of extracting medical learning from the grasp of entrenched Galenism.
“Vesalius helped usher in the Age of Reason, the Europe of Galileo and Newton, by the claim that people should believe their own eyes and not what they read.“
A collection of powerful images taken from almost 40 years of pharmaceutical print advertising. The thumbnail to the left is from a 1962 ad for the MAO inhibitor nardil.
TEHI often concerns itself with sharing examples of images being used to communicate more effectively than mere words or numbers alone can. Here’s an example of words (and yes a few pictures as well) working to make images (at least in the movies) more accurate and hopefully more powerful. The Routine Autopsy, The Procedure Related in Narrative Form, A Guide for Screenwriters and Novelists by Ed Uthman, MD. (Because everyone loves a good story.)
[via Autopsy Report]
From the site’s about page:
“Henry Wellcome was a man of many parts: businessman, philanthropist, patron of science and pioneer of aerial photography. He also created one of the world’s great museum collections: a huge stockpile of evidence about the universal interest in “the preservation of health and life”.
One hundred and fifty years after his birth, this exhibition reunites a cross-section of extraordinary objects from his forgotten museum, ranging from diagnostic dolls to Japanese sex aids, and from Napoleon’s toothbrush to George III’s hair. It also features ‘The Phantom Museum’ – a specially commissioned film by the Brothers Quay.
‘Medicine Man: The forgotten museum of Henry Wellcome’, a Wellcome Trust exhibition produced in close collaboration with the British Museum, is curated by Ken Arnold and Danielle Olsen and designed by Caruso St John.“
A letter I liked, published in the Rants & Raves section of the most recent Wired:
“What graphics demand in space, they return in time and impact (“The New World,” Wired 11.06). Seeing information directly conveys ideas immediately and memorably, showing relative scale in creative ways. The beautiful illustrations in the Ultimate Atlas present fact as art, but they are no less relevant for that. If anything, they make the understanding of complex concepts more widely accessible, creating a new form of literacy. These are flowers, evolved to attract worker bees to knowledge. Go forth, learn, and pollinate others.“
Mount Dora, Florida
Gone Fishin’. Will be back in about a week.
Although this site hasn’t been updated in quite a while, it’s still worth a quick visit both for the resources it offers as well as for its clean design (which manages to not look dated even though it has to be close to two years old). Offered by Michael B. Moore, a user interface design consultant, the site “is dedicated to examining, discussing and providing a resource for user interface designers, information architects and usability experts working in the field of healthcare systems.“
The two most interesting resources are Principles which list “the UI principles that are issues in healthcare design, not necessarily general design principles that all user interfaces should follow” and Top 10 Problems which “lists the most frequent problems encountered in doing UI development for healthcare providers.“
There’s also an cogent critique of drkoop.com as it existed in November, 1999. It’s interesting to note that some of the issues pointed out here still appear on the drkoop.com site. This was to be the first of a series of critiques but, unfortunately, Mr. Moore didn’t follow up on developing this potentially valuable resource.
A comprehensive, rich-media site devoted to John Snow, the 19th century epidemiologist known for using a map of London to graphically portrait the pattern of deaths caused by a cholera outbreak. This data supported his theory that the disease spread via water (a theory that was by no means widely accepted by the medical community at the time). He removed the handle of a pump that his map pointed to as the source of contaminated water. The outbreak abated. More recent readings of the events suggest that the outbreak was on the wane anyway. There are many nicely presented graphics and a thoughtful user interface on this site which was created and designed by Ralph R. Frerichs of UCLA’s Department of Epidemiology.
These Russian Anti-Alcohol Posters are graphically strong enough wordlessly deliver a message, but I still wish the text elements were translated. A little background material would also be nice, I can’t help but wonder how effective they were.
[SLIGHTLY OFF TOPIC] I just signed up with Ryze. I made this home page and invited a couple of friends to join. Before I get too into this and send a bunch of invites, I’d like to get some feedbacks from other members (or past members) about their experiences with it. Even though it seems to be getting good press, I’m a little concerned. Is it a spam machine? A waste of time? Will the people I sent the invites to get spammed? Or is it, I hope, a really useful way to make some contacts. Any information you can provide would be appreciated. Thanks.
While exhibiting a highly developed flair for the well-place pun, Vail Reese MD takes us on a dermatological Hollywood epic that includes skin conditions used to convey evil, actors with skin conditions and realistic depiction of skin findings. The site seems to be kept very up to date and includes images from recently released films as well as those still in production.
“As a dermatologist and a film buff, I’ve found a series of skin conditions featured in movies. All of the films listed are readily available on home video. Peruse at your leisure and let me know what you think. You may look at movies in a new way.“
Milestones in the history of thematic cartography, statistical graphics, and data visualization. An illustrated chronology of innovations by Michael Friendly and Daniel J. Denis.
Xeni’s call for SARS Art on BoingBoing (mentioned here a couple weeks ago) has grown into a full-blown project.
“Online art and weblogs are cheap, instant, and capable of reaching millions worldwide. Combined, they become a powerful way for individuals to explore, debate, and express the personal emotional impact of meta-events taking place in the world around them. They make what’s global, personal; what’s personal, global. The immediacy and accessibility of digital art is a powerful, equalizing force that brings cultural dialogue out of the galleries, out of the museums, and onto the desktops and mobile screens of ordinary people everywhere.“
Historical Anatomies on the Web is another great project from the National Library of Medicine’s History of Medicine Division.
From the introduction:
“Historical Anatomies on the Web is a digital project designed to give Internet users access to high quality images from important anatomical atlases in the Library’s collection. The project offers selected images from NLM’s atlas collection, not the entire books, with an emphasis on images and not texts. Atlases and images are selected primarily for their historical and artistic significance, with priority placed upon the earliest and/or the best edition of a work in NLM’s possession.“
They also list almost 25 other titles they plan on adding to the site as the project evolves.
[Thanks Mr. Cieciel]
John Gruber’s recent post, Take Your TrackBacks and Dangle, inspired me to create a poor man’s, one way TrackBack using Technorati (I tried to post the code I inserted in my template to make this work, but Blogger seems to ignore the pre, samp and code tags).
If you click on “[Get Technorati cosmos for this post]” above each post, a new window will open and you’ll see any and all blogs linking to that post. It wasn’t until I actually set this up that I realized the few links I do have are all to TEHI in general and none seem to be to specific posts.
Images and text celebrating the first 100 years of seeing with “The New Light”.
“With easy access to the necessary equipment, radiology was also the first medical field to make full use of photographs in advertising, texts, and clinical work. We are fortunate to have a wealth of images documenting these earliest years.“
Watercolor and colored pencil illustration for an article on steak and heart disease by Andrice Arp.
[via Cup of Chicha]
(Believe me, it took a while to decide whether or not to post this one.) The Visible Barbie Project is Trygve Lode’s send up of the Visible Human Project. Someone seems to have a lot of time on their hands.
[via Idle Type]
From the introduction:
“This on-line version of Here Today, Here Tomorrow… presents a variety of printed medical ephemera from the collections of William H. Helfand and the National Library of Medicine. The exhibit was held at the National Library of Medicine, Bethesda, Maryland, May 22 through September 11, 1995.
The exhibit presents a lively and colorful collection of medical and pharmaceutical ephemera, dating from the 18th century to the present and contains nearly 400 items, including posters, informational pamphlets, trade cards, handbills, postcards, broadsides, and other types of printed ephemera. Over 140 representative items are displayed in this online exhibit. The exhibit is organized around a number of themes and categories – women, children, the medicine show, public health, AIDS, tuberculosis, medical education, and addiction. Also highlighted is a rich and varied collection of medical, dental, and pharmaceutical bookplates.“
I especially recommend the bookplates, this cover from a snake oil pamphlet, this No One Is Safe From Cancer bookmark, and this drug advertisement.
Aaron Swartz: The Weblog offers “Edward R. Tufte’s ‘The Cognitive Style of PowerPoint’ Presented in the Form of a PowerPoint Presentation.”
Since taking that Flash MX class a couple of weeks ago, I’ve been keeping an eye out for interesting examples of Flash animation being used in pharma/medical communications. I found this one by Hybrid Medical Animation. It’s visually compelling and very well done, but I can imagine someone from the anti-Flash camp trying it out and wondering why they bothered to make the presentation of this information interactive? What does the Flash flash add to what’s being communicated? The creator’s commentary doesn’t provide much by way of a rationale:
‘Using illustrations originally created for the recent Scientific American Nanotech Special Issue, I created a “Flash version” of the illustration for the Scientific American website.
It turned out to be a nice opportunity to expand upon an illustration’s original intent/purpose — and allow for some user-interactivity.”
I’m not sure how the Flash version “expanded” on the original but I think the interactivity is the important part.